Multilingual sites

Kiln supports sites in which some or all of the content is available in more than one language. It does this by allowing for a language code as the first element in a URL, with the actual content URL hierarchy repeated for each language after it.

For example, if the site consisted of resources at /index.html, /about/index.html, and /about/process.html, and these resources were available in both English and Telugu, the URLs for these resources would be:

  • /en/index.html
  • /en/about/index.html
  • /en/about/process.html
  • /te/index.html
  • /te/about/index.html
  • /te/about/process.html

Kiln treats the language code prefix similarly to the mount point of the webapp, so creating links between pages in the same language is no different from how it is in a monolingual site. Linking between languages is also simple.


sitemaps/main.xmap provides an example match incorporating a language code prefix that is used in the various transformations. The language code is passed as a parameter to XSLT that include stylesheets/defaults.xsl, which incorporates that code into the xmg:context-path variable (as well as being available separately as xmg:language. This variable is used in XSLT when creating links to textual content within Kiln.

What further use is made of this parameter/variable is site-dependent.

HTTP content negotiation

Kiln does not include any code for handling automatic content negotiation based on the HTTP Accept-Language header.